5G technology will offer a wide range of benefits to the common people. It will help in providing seamless coverage, high data rate, low latency, and highly reliable communications. Also, It will increase energy efficiency, spectrum efficiency and network efficiency. 5G technology will help in connecting billions of Internet of Things devices, will allow higher quality video services with mobility at high speed, and delivery of critical services such as telesurgery and autonomous cars among others. 5G will help in real-time monitoring of disasters, precision agriculture, and minimising the role of humans in dangerous industrial operations such as in deep mines, offshore activities etc. Unlike existing mobile communication networks, 5G networks will allow tailoring of requirements for each of these different use cases within the same network
The IMC 2022 is scheduled to be held from 1st to 4th October with the theme of “New digital Universe”. It will bring together leading thinkers, entrepreneurs, innovators, and government officials to discuss and showcase unique opportunities emerging from the rapid adoption and spread of digital technology.
–उषा रावत —
नई दिल्ली, 1 अक्टूबर। प्रधान मंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने आज भारत में 5जी सेवा को लॉन्च किया। पीएम मोदी के 5जी लॉन्च करने के बाद आज से देश के 13 शहरों में 5जी सेवा शुरू हो गई है। साल 2023 तक इस सेवा से का विस्तार पूरे देश में करने की योजना है। दिल्ली में आयोजित इंडिया मोबाइल कांग्रेस 2022 कार्यक्रम के मंच से पीएम मोदी ने इस सेवा की शुरुआत की।अल्ट्रा-हाई-स्पीड इंटरनेट का समर्थन करने में सक्षम, पांचवीं पीढ़ी या 5G सेवा से भारतीय समाज एक परिवर्तनकारी शक्ति के रूप में नये आर्थिक अवसरों और सामाजिक लाभों को प्राप्त करेगा।
वर्षों की गहन तैयारी के बाद 5जी सेवाओं की शुरुआत हो रही है। हाल ही में, 5जी स्पेक्ट्रम की नीलामी सफलतापूर्वक संपन्न की गई थी और दूरसंचार सेवा प्रदाताओं को 1,50,173 करोड़ रुपये के सकल राजस्व के साथ 51,236 मेगाहर्ट्ज आवंटित किया गया था। नीलामी ने एक मजबूत 5जी इको-सिस्टम तैयार करने की आवश्यकता पर जोर दिया था, ताकि आईओटी, एम2एम, एआई, एज कंप्यूटिंग, रोबोटिक्स आदि से जुड़े इसके इस्तेमाल से संबंधित जरूरतों को पूरा कर सके।
5जी नए आर्थिक अवसर और सामाजिक लाभ प्रदान कर सकता है और इसे भारतीय समाज के लिए एक परिवर्तनकारी शक्ति बनने की क्षमता प्रदान कर सकता है। यह देश को विकास की पारंपरिक बाधाओं को दूर करने, स्टार्टअप्स और व्यावसायिक उद्यमों द्वारा नवाचारों को बढ़ावा देने के साथ-साथ ‘डिजिटल इंडिया’ के दृष्टिकोण को आगे बढ़ाने में मदद करेगा। भारत पर 5जी का कुल मिलाकर आर्थिक प्रभाव 2035 तक 450 बिलियन डॉलर तक पहुंचने की उम्मीद है।
दूरसंचार विभाग ने अगस्त 2022 में राइट ऑफ वे (आरओडब्ल्यू) नियम 2016 में संशोधन किया है, जिसमेंआरओडब्ल्यू की स्वीकृतियों के लिए शुल्क को उचित बनाया गया है और स्ट्रीट फर्नीचर पर 5जी छोटे सेल और ऑप्टिकल फाइबर केबल की स्थापना के लिए आरओडब्ल्यू शुल्क की एक सीमा तय की गई है।
दूरसंचार विभाग ने 2018 में प्रौद्योगिकी विकसित करने के लिए आईआईटी, भारतीय विज्ञान संस्थान बेंगलुरु और समीर (एसएएमईईआर) की मदद से 5जी टेस्टेड की स्थापना की है। स्टार्टअप उद्योगों द्वारा इस्तेमाल को बढ़ाने के लिए 2020 में एक 5जी हैकथॉन शुरू किया गया था और इससे नवीन उत्पादों को बढ़ावा मिला है। 5जी के इस्तेमाल के मामलों पर एक अंतर-मंत्रालयी समिति 2021 से 12 केंद्रीय मंत्रालयों के समन्वय से कार्य कर रही है, जिससे 5जी यूज-केस प्रयोगशालाओं की स्थापना की जा सके। 5जी हैंडसेट उपलब्ध कराने के लिए 5जी इको-सिस्टम को सक्षम करने के लिए उद्योग के साथ परामर्श आयोजित किया गया है। मुंबई में निवेशकों, बैंकरों और उद्योग के साथ 5जी व्यापार के अवसरों पर और सरकार द्वारा प्रमुख हस्तक्षेपों की पहचान करने के लिए एक गोलमेज सम्मेलन आयोजित किया गया था।
सी-डॉट ने एक स्वदेशी 5जी नॉन-स्टैंड अलोन (एनएसए) कोर विकसित किया है। सी-डॉट स्थानीय उद्योग और स्टार्ट-अप के सहयोग से 5जी रेडियो एक्सेस नेटवर्क (आरएएन) भी विकसित कर रहा है। सी डॉट ने टीसीएस और तेजस नेटवर्क के सहयोग से अपने 4जी कोर का पहले ही सफलतापूर्वक परीक्षण कर लिया है।
ये सभी प्रधानमंत्री के “जय अनुसंधान” के आह्वान को पूरा करने में मदद करेंगे ये सभी प्रयास भारत के विनिर्माण और दूरसंचार इको-सिस्टम के लिए गेम-चेंजर हैं, जो घरेलू 5जी एंटरप्राइज कैरियर ग्रेड स्टैक के साथ-साथ अभिनव प्रभावशाली 5जी यूज-केस के लिए अग्रणी हैं।
आईएमसी-2022 का विषय, एशिया में अग्रणी डिजिटल इवेंट ‘एनकैप्सुलेट, एंगेज एंड एक्सपीरियंस ए न्यू डिजिटल यूनिवर्स’ है और इसका मुख्य उद्देश्य नई तकनीकों, विशेष रूप से स्वदेशी लोगों को बढ़ावा देना और नागरिकों को 5जी के उपयोग और अनुप्रयोगों का अनुभव देना है। अन्य उद्देश्यों में स्थानीय विनिर्माण को बढ़ावा देना, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क्षेत्रीय सहयोग को बढ़ावा देना, समावेशी और सतत विकास को प्रेरित करना, उद्यमिता और नवाचार को बढ़ावा देना, विदेशी और स्थानीय निवेश को बढ़ावा देना शामिल हैं। इसमें 5,000 से अधिक सीएक्सओ और प्रतिनिधियों, 250 से अधिक प्रदर्शकों, 100 से अधिक स्टार्ट-अप, 300 से अधिक वक्ताओं, 70,000 से अधिक प्रतिभागियों और आगंतुकों की अपेक्षित संख्या के बल पर आकर्षक साबित होने की उम्मीद है।
राज्य के आईटी सचिवों को भी आईएमसी-2022 में आमंत्रित किया गया है और आईएमसी-2022 के दौरान राज्यों के सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी (आईटी) मंत्रियों के साथ एक गोलमेज सम्मेलन की भी योजना है, जिसमें 5जी के रोलआउट में राज्यों और केंद्रशासित प्रदेशों की भूमिका, व्यापार के अवसरों की आवश्यकता, कौशल विकास और संभावित स्टार्ट-अप और निवेशकों के साथ बातचीत के बारे में चर्चा की जाएगी।
Ushering in a new technological era, the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi launched 5G services in Pragati Maidan, New Delhi today. The Prime Minister also inaugurated the sixth edition of the India Mobile Congress and also witnessed the IMC Exhibition that was put on the occasion.
Industry leaders expressed their views on this historic occasion.
Shri Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, Reliance, thanked the Prime Minister for inspiring the vision of a developed nation by 2047. “Every action and policy of the government is skillfully crafted to propel India, towards that goal. Steps taken to fast-track India’s march into the 5G era provide compelling proof of our Prime Minister’s determination”, he said. He narrated the possibilities of 5G in key areas like education, education and climate etc. “Your leadership has raised India’s prestige, profile and power globally like never before. In today’s fast-changing world there will be no stopping a resurgent India from soaring to the top”, Shri Ambani concluded.
Shri Sunil Bharti Mittal, Chairman, Bharti Enterprise remarked that the launch of 5G is the beginning of a new era and since it is happening during Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, it makes it even more special. “With the efforts of the Prime Minister, this will usher new energy in the country. We are fortunate to have a leader in the Prime Minister who understands technology very minutely and deployed that to the development of the country in an unmatched manner”, he added. Shri Mittal further said that it will open up a sea of opportunities for people, especially in our rural areas. He recalled the Prime Minister’s initiatives in the field of infrastructure and technology from his Gujarat CM days. He said that during the pandemic, traffic shifted to villages and homes and the country’s heartbeat did not stop even for a second. Credit for that goes to the digital vision. He also praised the audacity and achievement of the vision of Make in India.“Along with Digital India, the Prime Minister also took forward the Start-up India campaign and soon enough, India started producing unicorns”, Shri Mittal added, “With the advent of 5G, I’m sure that the country will add many more unicorns in the world.”
Shri Kumar Mangalam Birla, Chairman, Aditya Birla Group called the advent of 5G a transformational event that proves India’s prowess on the global stage and reiterates the role of telecom technology as the bedrock of India’s growth. He thanked the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for his vision and leadership for a generational leap in technology that has resulted in India making a mark on the global stage. He also thanked the Prime Minister for his inspirational role in supporting the telecom industry during the ongoing pandemic and for the path-breaking telecom reforms in the industry. Shri Birla said that the launch of 5G marks the beginning of an exciting journey for India. “We will see limitless potential for 5G development and use cases in the years to come”, he added.
The three major telecom operators of the country demonstrated one use case each in front of the Prime Minister to show the potential of 5G technology in India.
Reliance Jio connected a teacher from a school in Mumbai, with students in three different locations in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Odisha. This demonstrated how 5G will facilitate education by bringing teachers closer to students, obliviating the physical distance between them. It also demonstrated the power of Augmented Reality (AR) on screen and how that is being used to teach children across the country, remotely, without the need for an AR device. The Prime Minister interacted with students from Dnyanjyoti Savitribai Phule School, Raigad, Maharashtra in presence of Maharashtra Chief Minister, Shri Eknath Shinde. Students from Ropda Primary School, Gandhinagar, Gujarat connected in presence of Gujarat Chief Minister, Shri Bhupendra Patel. The Prime Minister also interacted with students from SLS Memorial School, Myurbhanj, Odisha in presence of Odisha Chief Minister, Shri Navin Patnaik. Shri Abhimanyu Basu, Dhirubhai Ambani Int. School, BKC, Mumbai also demonstrated the use of 5G technology. The Prime Minister noted the enthusiasm of the students for technology in education. Author Amish Tripathi introduced the segment.
The Vodafone Idea test case demonstrated the safety of workers in an under-construction tunnel of Delhi Metro through the creation of a Digital Twin of the tunnel on the dias. Digital Twin will help give safety alerts to workers in real time from a remote location. PM took a live demo from the dias to monitor the work in real-time through utilising VR and Artificial Intelligence. The Prime Minister interacted with Shri Rinku Kumar, a worker in Delhi Metro Tunnel Dwarka, New Delhi in presence of Delhi Lieutenant Governor, Shri Vinai Saxena. The Prime Minister inquired about the user experience and learning curve needed to adopt the technology. He said that workers’ confidence in safety is the biggest contribution of new tech. He complimented the workers of India for their contribution to the nation’s growth.
In the Airtel demo, students from Dankaur, Uttar Pradesh witnessed a lively and immersive education experience to learn about the solar system with the help of Virtual reality and Augmented reality. A student Khushi, shared her experience of learning with the PM by appearing on the dias through a hologram. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Shri Yogi Adiyanath connected from Rudraksh Convention Centre, Varanasi. The Prime Minister inquired if the VR education experience helped them understand the concepts in a comprehensive way. The student said that after this experience she is much more inclined toward learning new things.
Addressing the gathering the Prime Minister said that the Summit today might be global but its repercussions and directions are local. He said today is a special day for the fast-developing India of the 21st century. “Today, 130 crore Indians are getting a wonderful gift in the form of 5G from the country and from the telecom industry of the country. 5G is a knock on the doors of a new era in the country. “5G is the beginning of an infinite sky of opportunities. I congratulate every Indian for this.”, he added. He noted with satisfaction that in this launch of 5G and the march of technology, rural areas and workers are equal partners.
Stressing one more message of the 5G launch, the Prime Minister said” New India will not remain a mere consumer of technology, but India will play an active role in the development and implementation of that technology. India will play a big role in designing the future wireless technology, and manufacturing related to it.”The Prime Minister pointed out that India was dependent on other countries for 2G, 3G and 4G technologies. But with 5G, India has created a new history. “With 5G, India is setting a global standard in telecom technology for the first time”, he remarked.
Talking about Digital India, the Prime Minister said that some people think that this is just a government scheme. “But Digital India is not just a name, it is a big vision for the development of the country. The goal of this vision is to bring that technology to the common people, which works for the people, works by connecting with the people.”
Focussing on the need for a holistic approach to Digital India, the Prime Minister elaborated that “we focused on 4 Pillars, in four directions at once. First, the price of the device, Second, digital connectivity, Third, the cost of data, Fourth, and most importantly, the idea of ‘digital first’ .
Regarding the first pillar, the Prime Minister said that the low cost of devices can only be achieved through Aatmnirbharta. The Prime Minister recalled that there were only two mobile manufacturing units in India till eight years ago. “These numbers have now gone up to 200”, Shri Modi said. The Prime Minister underlined that from exporting zero mobile phones in 2014, today we have become a mobile phone exporting country worth thousands of crores. “Naturally, all these efforts have had an impact on the cost of the device. Now we have started getting more features at a lower cost”, he added.
On the second pillar of digital connectivity, the Prime Minister informed that internet users have increased to 80 crores from 6 crores in 2014. From less than 100 panchayats in 2014 now 1.7 lakh panchayats are connected by optical fiber. “Just as the government started a door-to-door campaign to provide electricity, worked on the mission of providing clean water to everyone through the Har Ghar Jal Abhiyan, and delivered gas cylinders to the poorest of the poorest people through the Ujjwala scheme, our Government is working in a similar manner on the goal of Internet for all”, he said.
Regarding the third pillar, the cost of data, the Prime Minister said that the industry was given a slew of incentives and technologies like 4G received policy support. This brought down the price of data and a data revolution was ushered in the country. These three pillars started showing their multiplier effect everywhere, he said.
On the topic of the fourth pillar i.e. Idea of ‘Digital First’, the Prime Minister recalled the time when a handful of the elite class questioned if the poor would even understand the meaning of digital and doubted their potential, the Prime Minister said that he always had faith in the understanding, wisdom and inquisitive mind of the common man of the country. He said that he always found the poor of the country ready to adopt new technologies.
Highlighting the government’s efforts in the field of digital payments, the Prime Minister remarked that it was the government that went ahead and made the way for digital payments easier. “The government itself promoted citizen-centric delivery service through the app. Whether it is about farmers or small shopkeepers, we have given them a way to meet their daily needs through the app”, Shri Modi added. He recounted the seamless continuation of DBT, education, vaccination and health services, and work-from-home during the pandemic when many countries were finding it difficult to keep these services going.
Remarking that Digital India has given a platform, the Prime Minister said that small traders, small entrepreneurs, local artists and artisans can now market to everyone. Shri Modi added, “Today you go to a local market or vegetable market and see, even a small street vendor will tell you, not to transact in cash, but via ‘UPI’.” “This shows”, the Prime Minister added, “When a facility is available, thinking also gets emboldened”. The Prime Minister said when the government works with clean intentions, the intentions of citizens also undergo change. “This is the key difference in the intention (niyat) of 2G and 5G”, he remarked.
The Prime Minister said that the cost of data is among the lowest in the world. It has come down from 300 rupees per GB to about 10 rupees per GB. Remarking on the consumer-centric focussed efforts of the government, the Prime Minister said that the cost of data in India has remained very low due. The Prime Minister interjected, “It is a different matter that we did not make a fuss about, and did not launch big advertisements. We focused on how the convenience and Ease of Living of the people of the country increased.” “India may not have benefitted from the first three industrial revolutions, but I am confident that India will take full benefit of the 4th industrial revolution and, in fact, will lead it”, he added.
The Prime Minister informed that the use of 5G technology will not be limited to speedy internet access, but it has the capability to change lives. He said that we will see the promises of the technology realized in our lifetimes. Shri Modi urged the leaders of the telecom industry association to visit the schools and colleges of the country and unleash every aspect of this new technology. He also asked them to create an enabling ecosystem for MSMEs to prepare spare parts for electronic manufacturing. “5G technology should be used to bring about a revolution in the country”, he remarked. The Prime Minister highlighted the use of drone technology that has been made possible after the newly launched Drone Policy. He pointed out that many farmers have learnt how to fly drones and started making use of them to spray insecticides and pesticides in the fields. The Prime Minister assured one and all that India of the future will guide the world in the upcoming technology sector, in turn making India a global leader.
Union Minister of Communications, Shri Ashvini Vaishnaw, Union Minister of State for Communications, Shri Devusinh Chauhan, Chairman of Reliance Industries, Shri Mukesh Ambani, Chairman of Bharti Enterprises, Shri Sunil Mittal, Chairman of Aditya Birla Group, Shri Kumar Mangalam Birla and Secretary, Department of Telecommunications, Shri K Rajaraman were those present on the occasion.