–Veejay Pandhi from New York
The Viking program can be considered the first truly effective one in the global space exploration efforts of Mars.
The spacecraft Viking 1 and Viking 2 consisted of orbital stations that studied the atmosphere of Mars and lander modules, which in 1976 transmitted the first high-quality color photographs from the planet’s surface and performed biological experiments.
In order to commemorate the successes of the Viking program, we will enjoy several old but not less incredible images of the surface of Mars, taken by the Viking Lander 2. And in the lines in between, we will discuss pretty much everything you need to know about the actual mission.
Viking 2 Objectives and Goals
During the Viking 2 space program, two modules were launched: an orbital and a landing module. Viking 2 reached orbit on August 7, 1976, while the landing happened on September 3 the same year. The objectives of the mission were the following:
Each module of the spacecraft performed different tasks. The orbital module was designed in such a way as to ensure that the descent unit reaches Mars safely. It had to analyze the topography of the planet to determine the best place to land the probe. Its tasks included a lot of independent research, such as: